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Odessa


Odesa / Odessa

is a city in southwestern Ukraine. It is is situated on terraced hills overlooking a small harbor, approximately 31 km (19 mi.) north of the estuary of the Dniester river and some 443 km (275 mi) south of the Ukrainian capital Kiev.

Odesa / Odessa is the administrative center of the Odessa Oblast (province) and a major port on the Black Sea. The current estimated population is around 1,012,500 (as of 2004).

The city has a mild and dry climate with average temperatures in January of -2 °C (29 °F), and July of 22 °C (73 °F).

The primary language spoken is Russian, with Ukrainian being less common despite its being an official language in Ukraine. The city is a mix of many nationalities and ethnic groups, including Ukrainians, Russians, Jews, Greeks, Moldovans, Bulgarians, Armenians, Georgians, Turks, and Vietnamese, among others.

Odesa was officially founded in 1794 by order of empress Ekaterina II as a Russian naval fortress on the ruins of Khadjibey and was renamed Odesa by January 1795 (when its new name was first mentioned in official correspondence).

Odessa is a popular tourist destination, with many therapeutic resorts in and around the city. The Filatov Institute of Eye Diseases & Tissue Therapy is one of the leading institutes for eye care. The Tolstoy, Vorontsov, and Potocki families owned palaces in Odessa, which can still be visited. The writer Isaac Babel was born in the city, which has also produced several famous musicians, including the violinists Nathan Milstein, Mischa Elman and David Oistrakh, and the pianists Benno Moiseiwitsch, Sviatoslav Richter and Emil Gilels. The chess player Efim Geller was born in the city. (All listed, except for Richter, are representatives of the city's Jewish community.)

Popular show-business people, like comedians, humorist writers' success in 1970s contributed to Odessa's established status of a "capital of Soviet humour". Later several humour festivals were established in the city, including the celebration of the April Fool's Day.

Most of the city's 19th century houses were built of limestone mined nearby. Abandoned mines were later used and broadened by local smugglers. This created a complicated labyrinth of underground tunnels beneath Odessa, known as "catacombs". They are a now a great attraction for extreme tourists. Such tours, however, are not officially sanctioned and are dangerous because the layout of the catacombs has not been fully mapped and the tunnels themselves are unsafe. These tunnels are a primary reason why subway was never built in Odessa.


Hotels



ARCADIA-PLAZA***** Odessa
5 km from the center at the park zone Arkadiya, 15 km from the airport, 5 km from the railway terminal, 6 km from the seaport
24 rooms, incl. Suite 4, Semi-Suite 2, Superior: SGL 6, DBL 12;
MOZART**** Odessa
In the center,10 km from the airport, 5 km from the railway terminal, 1 km from the sea port
40 rooms, incl. Deluxe 3, Suite 3, Junior-Suite 2, Semi-Suite 2, Family room 2, Standard: SGL/DBL 22, TWIN 6
LONDONSKAYA**** Odessa
In the center, 12 km from the airport, 2 km from the railway terminal and 1 km from the sea port,
54 rooms, incl. Deluxe 1, Suite 3, Junior-Suite 2, Superior 12, Mansard 10, Standard: SGL 5, DBL 10, TWIN 10
ODESA**** Odessa
In the center, 10 km from the airport, 4 km from the railway terminal, just in the sea port
158 rooms, incl. Deluxe 1, Suite 10, Junior-Suite 15, Superior 72, Standard 60
KRASNAYA*** Odessa
In the center, 12 km from the airport, 2 km from the railway terminal, 1 km from the sea port
64 rooms, incl. Deluxe 1, Suite 8, Semi-Suite 3, Standard: SGL 6, DBL 2, TWIN 44
CHORNE MORE*** Odessa
In the center, In the center, 8 km from the airport, near the railway terminal, 2 km from the sea port
207 rooms, incl. Suite 9, Junior-Suite 9, Semi-Suite 18, Superior: 82, Standard: SGL 11, TWIN 78
YUNOST** Odessa
In the center, 5 km from the center near the park zone Arcadiya, 15 km from the airport, 4 km from the railway terminal, 5 km from the sea port
110 rooms, incl. Suite 14, Semi-Suite 16, Superior: 11, Family Room 4, TRPL 10, Blocks (2/2) 55
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